Design is a creative and practical discipline that covers many professional realities. Traditionally associated with the applied arts, the profession of designer has evolved with the contemporary world to become a high-level intellectual activity, combining general culture, technical skills, creativity and a sense of form, as well as a good mastery of economic constraints and the social context. The designer, as a creative professional, can thus evolve in very different work contexts, with very different levels of responsibility and training. Overview of the profession.
A profession, design(s)
The fields of application of design are very vast and sometimes far apart; therefore there is not one design, but design(s), each defined by a specific professional culture and the same taste for creation. The following professions are taught at the school:
- Space design, which covers the trades of space planning: Interior Architecture and Scenography
- Graphic design, which covers all the professions of visual communication through images such as Graphic Design or Motion Design.
- Digital Design, which covers the design of innovative services related to technologies such as UI/UX Design and Game Experience Design
- Product Design, which covers the design of all the industrial or artisanal objects such as Industrial Design and Transport Design.
Consult the Design professions section for more details and find all the possible training paths at L’École de design Nantes Atlantique.
What are the qualities to become a designer?
To commit oneself to a training as a designer, whatever the profession of design envisaged, supposes :
- a desire to learn how to draw, to shape ideas from a very diverse range of techniques, visualization and formalization tools in 2 and 3 dimensions,
- a taste for teamwork,
- a good general and artistic culture,
- a curiosity to understand the human environment, life in society,
- an opening to the international market,
- a sense of responsibility for the environmental, social and economic impacts of design innovations.
What kind of education is required to become a designer?
Long considered a technical profession, the position of designer today requires extensive skills and a high level of autonomy and general culture, on a par with architects or doctors, for example.
There are two main routes to becoming a designer:
- Diplôme de design / Master’s level degree: This curriculum allows students to acquire a first international experience, and the recognition of the diploma offers interesting career development prospects in the short and medium term.
- DN MADE, National Diploma in Fine Arts, Crafts and Design organized in 3 years: holders of DN MADE can work as design assistants in a design studio, in agencies, in SME/SMIs, work as freelancers or access a job as a craftsman-designer mastering advanced techniques.
The very complete and demanding technological trainings ensure an excellent creative and practical background for a quick professional insertion. In addition, the Master’s level degree allows you to claim a position of responsibility in the management of design projects, thanks to the knowledge in management and human sciences it provides and the international experience it allows you to acquire.
Most of these courses can nowadays be prepared either through academic training or through work-study programs at L’École de design Nantes Atlantique.
What status for the designer?
Contrary to popular belief, the profession of designer is very rarely a solitary one. He can therefore work :
- in specialized or generalist agencies,
- within an integrated department of a company, which can be a large account as well as a SME or VSE,
- as a freelancer.